Cooper Creek previously called Cooper’s Creek is one of the most renowned and yet least visited rivers in Australia. It is now and again identified as the Barcoo River from one of its tributaries and is one of 3 key Queensland river systems that flow into the Lake Eyre. The flood of the creek depends on winter wet season rains raining months earlier and many hundreds of miles away in eastern Qld. At 1300 km in length it is the second longest inland river system in Australia after the Murray-Darling system.
European contact with the region came first with the explorers and later with the establishment of the pastoral industry, transport routes and service centres. Cooper Creek was named by Captain Charles Sturt on 13 October 1845, when he crossed the watercourse at a point approximately 24 kilometres west of the current Innamincka township. The water was very low at the time, hence his use of the term ‘creek’ rather than ‘river’ to describe what often becomes a deep torrent of water. Charles Cooper, after whom the waterway was named, was a South Australian judge – later Chief Justice Sir Charles Cooper. On the same expedition, Sturt also named the Strzelecki Desert after the eccentric Polish explorer, Paul Edmund de Strzelecki, who was the first European to climb and name Mount Kosciusko.
The Innamincka and Cooper Creek area has a rich history. Its significance for Aboriginal people spans thousands of years as a trade route and a source of abundant food and fresh water. The area’s Aboriginal history also includes significant contacts with explorers, pastoralists and settlers. Many sources believe that the name ‘Innamincka’ comes from two Aboriginal words meaning ‘ your shelter’ or ‘your home’.
In exceptionally wet years, on the other hand, it manages to cover the complete Channel Country and floods down to Lake Eyre after flowing through the dry areas of Strzelecki Desert, Sturt Stony Desert and the Tirari Desert. Coopers Creek
September 30 2010 02:32 am | Uncategorized